Bioscience 24 Posts

Nutritional Status

is defined as the condition of the body in those respects influenced by the diet, the levels of nutrients in the body and the ability of those levels to maintain normal integrity. it can also be defined as a requirement of health of a person convinced by the diet, the levels of nutrients contained in the diet and normal utilisation of the diet.

Nutritional status
Nutrients

 

normal nutritional status is managed by balanced food consumption and normal utilisation of nutrients.  Normal assessment of nutritional status is the interpretation of anthropometry, biochemical, play Nico and the three data to determine whether a person or group of people are well-nourished or malnourished.

Factors affecting nutritional status

The nutritional status of an individual is generally dependent on two factors:

I.  External factors:  such factors include food safety, social, cultural and economic factors. These factors are environmental factors that affect the person.

II.  Internal factors :  these factors are found within the individual under consideration. Such factors include age, sex, nutrition, behaviour, physical activity and disease of the person.

The factors that affect nutritional status include age, gender, growth, disease state and genetic makeup. The factors above are biological factors. The non biological factors include economic status. most helpful lab studies to assess nutritional status in a population limit or logical studies and laboratory studies evaluating protein status including serum albumin

Age

Age of individuals affects their nutritional status. At early age, the body is engaged in high rate body build up. This will require sensitivity in the supply of body building foods (proteins). The State of the body will be more sensitive when compared to aged people. Little or no supply of protein with high amounts of carbohydrates will lead to kwashiorkor while in elderly people, reduction in protein might not lead to kwashiorkor. Same age attributes also in marasimus and others.

"Age

It can be noted that age has effects on nutritional status of people, especially children. The rate of utilization of nutrients or the bioavailability of the nutrients are greatly reduced in old people.

Gender

The hormonal level of both gender are quite different. The body chemistry of females are more complex compared to males. This affects the utilization of nutrients of nutrients in the body, hence affecting the nutritional status people.