Coronavirus is one of the recently found virulent viruses in humans (Homo sapiens). Coronaviruses are family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more complex diseases such as middle East respiratory syndrome and severe acute respiratory syndrome. These viruses were not known to cause diseases in humans prior to it’s outbreak, especially in China.
These viruses are transmitted from animals to humans (zoonotic). Researchers have pointed at cuvet rats and camel as possible vectors of the infection (vectors). The vectors when eaten or in contact with edible materials. These animals habour the virus and pass it over to humans, especially to people who eat those animals.
Common signs of infection of the virus includes respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In extreme cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.
Standard recommendations to prevent infection by the virus include
- regular hand washing
- covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing
- thoroughly cooking meat and eggs.
- Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.
Regular hand washing
Washing of hands regularly is of great importance. It reduces the risk of contacting so many diseases which came in contact with the hands. Washing with a detergent will increase the self safety, as the detergent solubilizes most of the dirt and helps in removal of microbial Flora possibly including viruses.
Using sterilizing agents give a wider range of safety. It’s recommended that washing of hands should be done regularly possibly under a running water.
Covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing
Coughing and sneezing dispatches a variety of microbes. During the process of coughing, the microbes move at a distance. It is recommended that the mouth should be closed to inhibit infection from person to person. Coronavirus will likely infect More people during contact. Covering the mouth and nose with a piece of cloth will help to control the spread of the virus.
Thoroughly cooking of eggs and meats.
People who eat rats and camels are at greater risk of contacting the virus. When meat of infected animal is not well cooked, the the virulent agents are not killed by the cooking process. Most microbes are below 121 degree Celsius. This makes improperly cooked egg or meat pose a higher risk of spreading the virus. Meats should be properly cooked to prevent Coronavirus and other infections.
Avoiding Contact with Infected people
Coronavirus is transmitted amongst individual through body fluids such as saliva, seminal fluid, blood etc. Having a close contact with an effected individual will increase the chances of contacting the virus. All infected animals and humans should be quarantined. This will help in reducing the infection rate of the disease.
The best alternative to prevent the virus is to remove all traces of possible vectors of Coronavirus, and avoid contracts that can spread the virus.